Lincoln * Institute

Ralph R. Reiland

Ralph R. Reiland

The B. Kenneth Simon Professor of Free Enterprise at Robert Morris University


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of Public Opinion Research, Inc.

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Economic Inequality and Political Baloney

by Ralph R. Reiland

The big story that's simultaneously being spotlighted from the Vatican to the

White House, from Oxfam to newly elected Mayor Bill de Blasio in New York City,

is economic inequality and the purportedly overly-skewed and unjust distribution of wealth.

"The human rights group Oxfam reported that the wealth of the world's 85

richestpeople is equal to that of the poorer half of the world's population,"

reportedVoice of America on January 20.

In other words, the wealth of a little group of people who can easily fit into

two Mercedes party buses is equal to the combined wealth of the 3.5 billion people who make up the bottom half of the world's population.

That's nothing new. Wrote Jeffrey Goldberg in 2011 in Bloomberg

Businessweek,regarding the Wal-Mart heirs, "In 2007, according to labor economist Sylvia Allegretto, the six Walton family members on the Forbes 400 had a net

worthequal to the bottom 30 percent of all Americans."

In other words, six people who can fit nicely into a new Cadillac Escalade have more dough than a third of all Americans.

Similarly, I could say, correctly, that my net worth is greater than the bottom 25 percent of American households, added together. "In 2009, roughly one in four (24.8 percent) of American households had zero or negative net worth, up from 18.6 percent in 2007," reported Forbes magazine in December 2011.

In short, one American guy on a skateboard can have a bigger net worth than

thecombined net worth of a fourth of his compatriots.

Oxfam disapprovingly reported that the annual income derived from the $73billion

fortune of the world's richest individual, Mexican telecommunications mogul Carlos Slim, is equal to yearly wages of 440,000 Mexicans.

Oxfam didn't say whether those 440,000 Mexicans would be better off if they hadmore

people like Carlos Slim, Henry Ford, J. W. Marriot, Andrew Carnegie, WaltDisney, W.

K. Kellogg, Sam Walton, Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Ralph Lauren, WarrenBuffett and Mark Zuckerman in their country — all innovators who became wealthybecause they produced new jobs, economic growth, and new economic pies, notbecause they grabbed overly large slices of preexisting pies.

On December 4, sounding more like Creedence Clearwater Revival than Milton Friedman --"I ain't no fortunate one," President Obama summed up the performance of the U.S. economy over the past three and a half decades: "Since 1979, our country has more than doubled in size, but most of that growth has flowed to the fortunate few."

The unfortunate many, he said, suspect "the deck is stacked against them." Andhe

repeatedly reinforces that alleged suspicion by telling them that they'rein a

crooked game with a stacked deck -- preordained losers in a system wherethe

government is too small, the amount of income and wealth being redistributed is too skimpy, and the private sector is too unencumbered by regulations, taxes and


By the age of three, said Obama, again citing numerical inequality, "a childborn

into a low-income home hears 30 million fewer words than a child from awell-off

family." That might have more to do with absent fathers and drug abuse than the tax rate on capital gains,more about overindulging in negativity than the

unobtainability of books.

At the Vatican, Pope Francis said we "have to say 'thou shalt not' to an economy of exclusion and inequality," and not "assume that economic growth,encouraged by a free market," buttressed by "trickle-down theories," will"inevitably succeed in bringing about greater justice."

In fact, the pro-market, pro-growth policies of Reagan, disparagingly referred to as "trickle-down economics," produced falling poverty rates every year from 1984 to 1989, a 20 percent overall hike in real per-capita disposable incomes,a drop in inflation from 13.5 percent to 4.1 percent, and a decline in the unemployment rate to 5.5 percent by way of the creation of 20 million new jobs.

Today, in contrast, Obama's anti-growth policies of more taxation, more regulation, more mandates, more government, and more redistribution have produced the worst economic recovery since the Great Depression, the lowest workforce participation rate in 40 years, declining real incomes, higher poverty rates and more inequality.


Ralph R. Reiland is an associate professor of economics and the B. KennethSimon

professor of free enterprise at Robert Morris University in Pittsburgh.


Ralph R. Reiland

5623 Baptist Road

Pittsburgh, Pa. 15236

Phone: 412-779-7583